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  Microsoft Video ActiveX code execution

  US-CERT Technical Cyber Security Alert TA09-187A -- Microsoft Video ActiveX Control Vulnerability

From:MICROSOFT <secure_(at)_microsoft.com>
Date:14.07.2009
Subject:Microsoft Security Bulletin MS09-032 - Critical Cumulative Security Update of ActiveX Kill Bits (973346)

Microsoft Security Bulletin MS09-032 - Critical
Cumulative Security Update of ActiveX Kill Bits (973346)
Published: July 14, 2009

Version: 1.0
General Information
Executive Summary

This security update resolves a privately reported vulnerability that is currently being exploited. The vulnerability in Microsoft Video ActiveX Control could allow remote code execution if a user views a specially crafted Web page with Internet Explorer, instantiating the ActiveX control. This ActiveX control was never intended to be instantiated in Internet Explorer. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.

This security update is rated Critical for all supported editions of Windows XP and Moderate for all supported editions of Windows Server 2003. For more information, see the subsection, Affected and Non-Affected Software, in this section.

The security update addresses the vulnerability by setting a kill bit so that the vulnerable control does not run in Internet Explorer. For more information about the vulnerability, see the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) subsection under the next section, Vulnerability Information.

This security update also addresses the vulnerability first described in Microsoft Security Advisory 972890.

Recommendation. The majority of customers have automatic updating enabled and will not need to take any action because this security update will be downloaded and installed automatically. Customers who have not enabled automatic updating need to check for updates and install this update manually. For information about specific configuration options in automatic updating, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 294871.

For administrators and enterprise installations, or end users who want to install this security update manually, Microsoft recommends that customers apply the update immediately using update management software, or by checking for updates using the Microsoft Update service.

See also the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, later in this bulletin.

Known Issues. None
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Affected and Non-Affected Software

The following software have been tested to determine which versions or editions are affected. Other versions or editions are either past their support life cycle or are not affected. To determine the support life cycle for your software version or edition, visit Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

Affected Software
Operating System Maximum Security Impact Aggregated Severity Rating Bulletins Replaced by This Update

Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4


None


None**


None

Windows XP Service Pack 2 and Windows XP Service Pack 3


Remote Code Execution


Critical


MS08-032

Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Remote Code Execution


Critical


MS08-032

Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2


Remote Code Execution


Moderate


MS08-032

Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Remote Code Execution


Moderate


MS08-032

Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems


Remote Code Execution


Moderate


MS08-032

Windows Vista, Windows Vista Service Pack 1, and Windows Vista Service Pack 2


None


None**


None

Windows Vista x64 Edition, Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1, and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2


None


None**


None

Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems and Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2*


None


None**


None

Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2*


None


None**


None

Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2


None


None**


None

*Windows Server 2008 server core installation not affected. The vulnerability addressed by this update does not affect supported editions of Windows Server 2008 if Windows Server 2008 was installed using the Server Core installation option. For more information on this installation option, see Server Core. Note that the Server Core installation option does not apply to certain editions of Windows Server 2008; see Compare Server Core Installation Options.

**Severity ratings do not apply to this update because the vulnerability discussed in this bulletin does not affect this software. However, as a defense-in-depth measure to protect against any possible new vectors identified in the future, Microsoft recommends that customers of this software apply this security update.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Related to This Security Update

If I have applied the workaround from Microsoft Security Advisory 972890, do I need to install this security update?
Microsoft Security Advisory 972890 describes a workaround that prevents the Microsoft Video ActiveX Control from running in Internet Explorer. Customers can either manually apply this workaround or use the automated Microsoft Fix it solution in Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 972890 to enable the workaround. Customers who have applied this workaround using either method do not need to install this security update.

This update will be offered to Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 systems regardless of whether the workaround was applied. However, the vulnerability addressed by this update does not affect supported editions of Windows Server 2008 if Windows Server 2008 was installed using the Server Core installation option, and such Server Core installations will not be offered this update. All customers may install this security update without negative impact.

Do I need to undo the workaround from Microsoft Security Advisory 972890 before installing this security update?
Customers do not need to undo the workaround described in Microsoft Security Advisory 972890, whether this workaround was applied manually, or automatically using the Microsoft Fix it solution in Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 972890 to enable the workaround, before installing this update.

What would happen if I install this update and then undo the workaround from Microsoft Security Advisory 972890?
In this scenario, customers of Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 install this security update for defense-in-depth and then either manually undo the workaround from Microsoft Security Advisory 972890, or use the automated Microsoft Fix it solution in Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 972890 to disable the workaround. Such customers will no longer prevent the Microsoft Video ActiveX Control from running in Internet Explorer, making their systems vulnerable. Also, such systems will not be reoffered this update since future detection results will yield the successful installation that was undone by workaround.

What is a kill bit?
A security feature in Microsoft Internet Explorer makes it possible to prevent an ActiveX control from ever being loaded by the Internet Explorer HTML-rendering engine. This is done by making a registry setting and is referred to as setting the kill bit. After the kill bit is set, the control can never be loaded, even when it is fully installed. Setting the kill bit makes sure that even if a vulnerable component is introduced or is re-introduced to a system, it remains inert and harmless.

For more information on kill bits, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 240797: How to stop an ActiveX control from running in Internet Explorer.

What is a security update of ActiveX kill bits?
This security update only contains the class IDs (CLSID) of certain ActiveX controls that are the basis of this security update. This security bulletin lists these CLSIDs in the Vulnerability Section.

Why does this update not contain any binary files?
This update only makes changes to the registry to disable the control from instantiating in Internet Explorer.

Should I install this update if I do not have the affected component installed or use the affected platform?
Yes. Installing this update will block the vulnerable control from running in Internet Explorer.

Do I need to reapply this update if I install an ActiveX control discussed in this security update at a later date?
No, reapplying this update is not required. The kill bit will block Internet Explorer from running the control even if the control is installed at a later date.

Does this update contain any kill bits that are not Microsoft-specific?
No. This update contains only kill bits for a Microsoft control.

Does this update contain kill bits that were previously shipped in an Internet Explorer security update?
No, this update does not include kill bits that were previously shipped in an Internet Explorer security update. We recommend that you install the latest Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer.

Why does this security update have different severity levels for different Windows operating systems?
This update has different severity levels because different mitigations apply to the vulnerability depending on the operating system. One such mitigation is that Internet Explorer on Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 runs in a restricted mode known as Enhanced Security Configuration.

I am using an older release of the software discussed in this security bulletin. What should I do?
The affected software listed in this bulletin have been tested to determine which releases are affected. Other releases are past their support life cycle. To determine the support life cycle for your software release, visit Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

It should be a priority for customers who have older releases of the software to migrate to supported releases to prevent potential exposure to vulnerabilities. For more information about the Windows Product Lifecycle, visit the following Microsoft Support Lifecycle. For more information about the extended security update support period for these software releases, visit the Microsoft Product Support Services Web site.

Customers who require custom support for older software must contact their Microsoft account team representative, their Technical Account Manager, or the appropriate Microsoft partner representative for custom support options. Customers without an Alliance, Premier, or Authorized Contract can contact their local Microsoft sales office. For contact information, visit the Microsoft Worldwide Information Web site, select the country, and then click Go to see a list of telephone numbers. When you call, ask to speak with the local Premier Support sales manager. For more information, see the Windows Operating System Product Support Lifecycle FAQ.
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Vulnerability Information

Severity Ratings and Vulnerability Identifiers

The following severity ratings assume the potential maximum impact of the vulnerability. For information regarding the likelihood, within 30 days of this security bulletin's release, of the exploitability of the vulnerability in relation to its severity rating and security impact, please see the Exploitability Index in the July bulletin summary. For more information, see Microsoft Exploitability Index.
Vulnerability Severity Rating and Maximum Security Impact by Affected Software
Affected Software Microsoft Video ActiveX Control Vulnerability - CVE-2008-0015 Aggregate Severity Rating

Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4


None**


None

Windows XP Service Pack 2 and Windows XP Service Pack 3


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2


Moderate
Remote Code Execution


Moderate

Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Moderate
Remote Code Execution


Moderate

Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems


Moderate
Remote Code Execution


Moderate

Windows Vista, Windows Vista Service Pack 1, and Windows Vista Service Pack 2


None**


None

Windows Vista x64 Edition, Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1, and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2


None**


None

Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems and Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2*


None**


None

Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2*


None**


None

Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2


None**


None

*Windows Server 2008 server core installation not affected. The vulnerability addressed by this update does not affect supported editions of Windows Server 2008 if Windows Server 2008 was installed using the Server Core installation option. For more information on this installation option, see Server Core. Note that the Server Core installation option does not apply to certain editions of Windows Server 2008; see Compare Server Core Installation Options.

**Severity ratings do not apply to this update because the vulnerability discussed in this bulletin does not affect this software. However, as a defense-in-depth measure to protect against any possible new vectors identified in the future, Microsoft recommends that customers of this software apply this security update.
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Microsoft Video ActiveX Control Vulnerability - CVE-2008-0015

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the Microsoft Video ActiveX Control, msvidctl.dll. An attacker could exploit the vulnerability by constructing a specially crafted Web page. When a user views the Web page, the vulnerability could allow remote code execution. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the logged on user.

To view this vulnerability as a standard entry in the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures list, see CVE-2008-0015.

Mitigating Factors for Microsoft Video ActiveX Control Vulnerability - CVE-2008-0015

Mitigation refers to a setting, common configuration, or general best-practice, existing in a default state, that could reduce the severity of exploitation of a vulnerability. The following mitigating factors may be helpful in your situation:


Customers who are using Windows Vista or Windows Server 2008 are not affected because the ability to pass data to this control within Internet Explorer has been restricted.


By default, Internet Explorer on Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 runs in a restricted mode that is known as Enhanced Security Configuration. This mode sets the security level for the Internet zone to High. This is a mitigating factor for Web sites that you have not added to the Internet Explorer Trusted sites zone. See the FAQ subsection of this vulnerability section for more information about Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration.


By default, all supported versions of Microsoft Outlook and Microsoft Outlook Express open HTML e-mail messages in the Restricted sites zone. The Restricted sites zone helps mitigate attacks that could try to exploit this vulnerability by preventing Active Scripting and ActiveX controls from being used when reading HTML e-mail messages. However, if a user clicks a link in an e-mail message, the user could still be vulnerable to exploitation of this vulnerability through the Web-based attack scenario.


In a Web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a Web site that contains a Web page that is used to exploit this vulnerability. In addition, compromised Web sites and Web sites that accept or host user-provided content could contain specially crafted content that could exploit this vulnerability. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to visit the Web site, typically by getting them to click a link in an e-mail or Instant Messenger message that takes users to the attacker's Web site.


An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.
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Workarounds for Microsoft Video ActiveX Control Vulnerability - CVE-2008-0015

Workaround refers to a setting or configuration change that does not correct the underlying vulnerability but would help block known attack vectors before you apply the update. Microsoft has tested the following workarounds and states in the discussion whether a workaround reduces functionality:


Prevent COM objects from running in Internet Explorer

You can disable attempts to instantiate a COM object in Internet Explorer by setting the kill bit for the control in the registry.

Warning If you use Registry Editor incorrectly, you may cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that you can solve problems that result from using Registry Editor incorrectly. Use Registry Editor at your own risk.

For detailed steps that you can use to prevent a control from running in Internet Explorer, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 240797. Follow these steps in this article to create a Compatibility Flags value in the registry to prevent a COM object from being instantiated in Internet Explorer.

Note The Class Identifiers and corresponding files where the ActiveX objects are contained are documented under "What does the update do?" in the FAQ for Microsoft Video ActiveX Control Vulnerability - CVE-2008-0015 section. Replace {XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX} below with the Class Identifiers found in that section.

To set the kill bit for a CLSID with a value of {XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX}, paste the following text in a text editor such as Notepad. Then, save the file by using the .reg file name extension.

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ActiveX Compatibility\{ XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX }]
"Compatibility Flags"=dword:00000400

You can apply this .reg file to individual systems by double-clicking it. You can also apply it across domains by using Group Policy. For more information about Group Policy, visit the following Microsoft Web sites:


Group Policy collection


What is Group Policy Object Editor?


Core Group Policy tools and settings

Note You must restart Internet Explorer for your changes to take effect.


Impact of Workaround: There is no impact as long as the object is not intended to be used in Internet Explorer.
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FAQ for Microsoft Video ActiveX Control Vulnerability - CVE-2008-0015

What is the scope of the vulnerability?
This is a remote code execution vulnerability. The vulnerability could allow remote code execution if the user visits a specially crafted Web page with Internet Explorer, instantiating the ActiveX control. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the logged-on user.

If a user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take complete control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.

What causes the vulnerability?
When the Microsoft Video ActiveX Control is instantiated in Internet Explorer, the control may corrupt the system state in such a way that an attacker could run arbitrary code.

What is the Microsoft Video ActiveX Control?
The Microsoft Video Control object is a Microsoft ActiveX control that connects Microsoft DirectShow filters for use in capturing, recording, and playing video. It is the main component that Microsoft Windows Media Center uses to build filter graphs for recording and playing television video.

What might an attacker use the vulnerability to do?
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.

How could an attacker exploit the vulnerability?
An attacker could host a specially crafted Web site that is designed to exploit this vulnerability through Internet Explorer and then convince a user to view the Web site. This can also include compromised Web sites and Web sites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These Web sites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit this vulnerability. In all cases, however, an attacker would have no way to force users to visit these Web sites. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to visit the Web site, typically by getting them to click a link in an e-mail message or in an Instant Messenger request that takes users to the attacker's Web site. It could also be possible to display specially crafted Web content by using banner advertisements or by using other methods to deliver Web content to affected systems.

I am running Internet Explorer for Windows Vista or Windows Server 2008. Do I need to install this update?
Though unaffected by this vulnerability, Microsoft is recommending that Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 customers remove support for this ActiveX Control within Internet Explorer, using the same Class Identifiers listed below, as a defense-in-depth measure.

I am running Internet Explorer for Windows Server 2003 or Windows Server 2008. Does this mitigate this vulnerability?
Yes. By default, Internet Explorer on Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 runs in a restricted mode that is known as Enhanced Security Configuration. Enhanced Security Configuration is a group of preconfigured settings in Internet Explorer that can reduce the likelihood of a user or administrator downloading and running specially crafted Web content on a server. This is a mitigating factor for Web sites that you have not added to the Internet Explorer Trusted sites zone. See also Managing Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration.

What systems are primarily at risk from the vulnerability?
This vulnerability requires that a user be logged on and visiting a Web site for any malicious action to occur. Therefore, any systems where Internet Explorer is used frequently, such as workstations or terminal servers, are at the most risk from this vulnerability.

What does the update do?
The Microsoft Video ActiveX Control was never intended to be instantiated in Internet Explorer and can therefore be disabled by setting the kill bit for the Class Identifiers hosted in msvidctl.dll:
Class Identifier

{011B3619-FE63-4814-8A84-15A194CE9CE3}


msvidctl.dll

{0149EEDF-D08F-4142-8D73-D23903D21E90}


msvidctl.dll

{0369B4E5-45B6-11D3-B650-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{0369B4E6-45B6-11D3-B650-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{055CB2D7-2969-45CD-914B-76890722F112}


msvidctl.dll

{0955AC62-BF2E-4CBA-A2B9-A63F772D46CF}


msvidctl.dll

{15D6504A-5494-499C-886C-973C9E53B9F1}


msvidctl.dll

{1BE49F30-0E1B-11D3-9D8E-00C04F72D980}


msvidctl.dll

{1C15D484-911D-11D2-B632-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{1DF7D126-4050-47F0-A7CF-4C4CA9241333}


msvidctl.dll

{2C63E4EB-4CEA-41B8-919C-E947EA19A77C}


msvidctl.dll

{334125C0-77E5-11D3-B653-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{37B0353C-A4C8-11D2-B634-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{37B03543-A4C8-11D2-B634-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{37B03544-A4C8-11D2-B634-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{418008F3-CF67-4668-9628-10DC52BE1D08}


msvidctl.dll

{4A5869CF-929D-4040-AE03-FCAFC5B9CD42}


msvidctl.dll

{577FAA18-4518-445E-8F70-1473F8CF4BA4}


msvidctl.dll

{59DC47A8-116C-11D3-9D8E-00C04F72D980}


msvidctl.dll

{7F9CB14D-48E4-43B6-9346-1AEBC39C64D3}


msvidctl.dll

{823535A0-0318-11D3-9D8E-00C04F72D980}


msvidctl.dll

{8872FF1B-98FA-4D7A-8D93-C9F1055F85BB}


msvidctl.dll

{8A674B4C-1F63-11D3-B64C-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{8A674B4D-1F63-11D3-B64C-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{9CD64701-BDF3-4D14-8E03-F12983D86664}


msvidctl.dll

{9E77AAC4-35E5-42A1-BDC2-8F3FF399847C}


msvidctl.dll

{A1A2B1C4-0E3A-11D3-9D8E-00C04F72D980}


msvidctl.dll

{A2E3074E-6C3D-11D3-B653-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{A2E30750-6C3D-11D3-B653-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{A8DCF3D5-0780-4EF4-8A83-2CFFAACB8ACE}


msvidctl.dll

{AD8E510D-217F-409B-8076-29C5E73B98E8}


msvidctl.dll

{B0EDF163-910A-11D2-B632-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{B64016F3-C9A2-4066-96F0-BD9563314726}


msvidctl.dll

{BB530C63-D9DF-4B49-9439-63453962E598}


msvidctl.dll

{C531D9FD-9685-4028-8B68-6E1232079F1E}


msvidctl.dll

{C5702CCC-9B79-11D3-B654-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{C5702CCD-9B79-11D3-B654-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{C5702CCE-9B79-11D3-B654-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{C5702CCF-9B79-11D3-B654-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{C5702CD0-9B79-11D3-B654-00C04F79498E}


msvidctl.dll

{C6B14B32-76AA-4A86-A7AC-5C79AAF58DA7}


msvidctl.dll

{CAAFDD83-CEFC-4E3D-BA03-175F17A24F91}


msvidctl.dll

{D02AAC50-027E-11D3-9D8E-00C04F72D980}


msvidctl.dll

{F9769A06-7ACA-4E39-9CFB-97BB35F0E77E}


msvidctl.dll

{FA7C375B-66A7-4280-879D-FD459C84BB02}


msvidctl.dll

When this security bulletin was issued, had this vulnerability been publicly disclosed?
No. Microsoft received information about this vulnerability through responsible disclosure. Microsoft had not received any information to indicate that this vulnerability had been publicly disclosed when this security bulletin was originally issued.

When this security bulletin was issued, had Microsoft received any reports that this vulnerability was being exploited?
Yes. When the security bulletin was released, Microsoft had received information that this vulnerability was being exploited.

Other Information
Acknowledgments

Microsoft thanks the following for working with us to help protect customers:


Ryan Smith and Alex Wheeler of IBM ISS X-Force for initially reporting the Microsoft Video ActiveX Control Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2008-0015)

Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP)

To improve security protections for customers, Microsoft provides vulnerability information to major security software providers in advance of each monthly security update release. Security software providers can then use this vulnerability information to provide updated protections to customers via their security software or devices, such as antivirus, network-based intrusion detection systems, or host-based intrusion prevention systems. To determine whether active protections are available from security software providers, please visit the active protections Web sites provided by program partners, listed in Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP) Partners.

Support


Customers in the U.S. and Canada can receive technical support from Security Support or 1-866-PCSAFETY. There is no charge for support calls that are associated with security updates. For more information about available support options, see Microsoft Help and Support.


International customers can receive support from their local Microsoft subsidiaries. There is no charge for support that is associated with security updates. For more information about how to contact Microsoft for support issues, visit the International Support Web site.

Disclaimer

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.

Revisions


V1.0 (July 14, 2009): Bulletin published.

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