Computer Security
[EN] securityvulns.ru no-pyccku


Related information

  Microsoft Windows multiple security vulnerabilities

  Microsoft Security Bulletin MS10-067 - Important Vulnerability in WordPad Text Converters Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2259922)

  Microsoft Security Bulletin MS10-068 - Important Vulnerability in Local Security Authority Subsystem Service Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (983539)

  Microsoft Security Bulletin MS10-066 - Important Vulnerability in Remote Procedure Call Could Allow Remote Code Execution (982802)

  Microsoft Security Bulletin MS10-061 - Critical Vulnerability in Print Spooler Service Could Allow Remote Code Execution (2347290)

From:MICROSOFT <secure_(at)_microsoft.com>
Date:15.09.2010
Subject:Microsoft Security Bulletin MS10-062 - Critical Vulnerability in MPEG-4 Codec Could Allow Remote Code Execution (975558)

Microsoft Security Bulletin MS10-062 - Critical
Vulnerability in MPEG-4 Codec Could Allow Remote Code Execution (975558)
Published: September 14, 2010

Version: 1.0
General Information
Executive Summary

This security update resolves a privately reported vulnerability in MPEG-4 codec. The vulnerability could allow remote code execution if a user opens a specially crafted media file or receives specially crafted streaming content from a Web site or any application that delivers Web content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.

This security update is rated Critical for all supported editions of Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 (except Itanium-based editions), Windows Vista, and Windows Server 2008 (except Itanium-based editions). Itanium-based editions of Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008, and all supported editions of Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, are not affected by the vulnerability. For more information, see the subsection, Affected and Non-Affected Software, in this section.

The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying the way that the MPEG-4 codec handles specially crafted media content. For more information about the vulnerability, see the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) subsection for the specific vulnerability entry under the next section, Vulnerability Information.

Recommendation. The majority of customers have automatic updating enabled and will not need to take any action because this security update will be downloaded and installed automatically. Customers who have not enabled automatic updating need to check for updates and install this update manually. For information about specific configuration options in automatic updating, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 294871.

For administrators and enterprise installations, or end users who want to install this security update manually, Microsoft recommends that customers apply the update immediately using update management software, or by checking for updates using the Microsoft Update service.

See also the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, later in this bulletin.

Known Issues. None
Top of sectionTop of section
Affected and Non-Affected Software

The following software have been tested to determine which versions or editions are affected. Other versions or editions are either past their support life cycle or are not affected. To determine the support life cycle for your software version or edition, visit Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

Affected Software
Operating System Maximum Security Impact Aggregate Severity Rating Bulletins Replaced by this Update

Windows XP Service Pack 3


Remote Code Execution


Critical


None

Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Remote Code Execution


Critical


None

Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2


Remote Code Execution


Critical


None

Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Remote Code Execution


Critical


None

Windows Vista Service Pack 1 and Windows Vista Service Pack 2


Remote Code Execution


Critical


None

Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Remote Code Execution


Critical


None

Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems and Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2**


Remote Code Execution


Critical


None

Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2**


Remote Code Execution


Critical


None

**Server Core installation not affected. The vulnerabilities addressed by this update do not affect supported editions of Windows Server 2008 as indicated, when installed using the Server Core installation option. For more information on this installation option, see the TechNet articles, Managing a Server Core Installation and Servicing a Server Core Installation. Note that the Server Core installation option does not apply to certain editions of Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2; see Compare Server Core Installation Options.

Non-Affected Software
Operating System

Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems

Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2

Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems

Windows 7 for x64-based Systems

Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems

Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems
Top of sectionTop of section

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Related to This Security Update

Where are the file information details?
Refer to the reference tables in the Security Update Deployment section for the location of the file information details.

I am using an older release of the software discussed in this security bulletin. What should I do?
The affected software listed in this bulletin have been tested to determine which releases are affected. Other releases are past their support life cycle. For more information about the product lifecycle, visit the Microsoft Support Lifecycle Web site.

It should be a priority for customers who have older releases of the software to migrate to supported releases to prevent potential exposure to vulnerabilities. To determine the support lifecycle for your software release, see Select a Product for Lifecycle Information. For more information about service packs for these software releases, see Lifecycle Supported Service Packs.

Customers who require custom support for older software must contact their Microsoft account team representative, their Technical Account Manager, or the appropriate Microsoft partner representative for custom support options. Customers without an Alliance, Premier, or Authorized Contract can contact their local Microsoft sales office. For contact information, visit the Microsoft Worldwide Information Web site, select the country in the Contact Information list, and then click Go to see a list of telephone numbers. When you call, ask to speak with the local Premier Support sales manager. For more information, see the Microsoft Support Lifecycle Policy FAQ.
Top of sectionTop of section
Vulnerability Information

Severity Ratings and Vulnerability Identifiers

The following severity ratings assume the potential maximum impact of the vulnerability. For information regarding the likelihood, within 30 days of this security bulletin's release, of the exploitability of the vulnerability in relation to its severity rating and security impact, please see the Exploitability Index in the September bulletin summary. For more information, see Microsoft Exploitability Index.
Vulnerability Severity Rating and Maximum Security Impact by Affected Software
Affected Software MPEG-4 Codec Vulnerability - CVE-2010-0818 Aggregate Severity Rating

Windows XP Service Pack 3


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

Windows Vista Service Pack 1 and Windows Vista Service Pack 2


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems and Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2**


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2**


Critical
Remote Code Execution


Critical

**Server Core installation not affected. The vulnerabilities addressed by this update do not affect supported editions of Windows Server 2008 as indicated, when installed using the Server Core installation option. For more information on this installation option, see the TechNet articles, Managing a Server Core Installation and Servicing a Server Core Installation. Note that the Server Core installation option does not apply to certain editions of Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2; see Compare Server Core Installation Options.
Top of sectionTop of section

MPEG-4 Codec Vulnerability - CVE-2010-0818

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the MPEG-4 codec handles supported format files. This vulnerability could allow code execution if a user opened a specially crafted media file. If a user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take complete control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.

To view this vulnerability as a standard entry in the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures list, see CVE-2010-0818.

Mitigating Factors for MPEG-4 Codec Vulnerability - CVE-2010-0818

Mitigation refers to a setting, common configuration, or general best-practice, existing in a default state, that could reduce the severity of exploitation of a vulnerability. The following mitigating factors may be helpful in your situation:


An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.


In a Web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a Web site that contains a Web page that is used to exploit this vulnerability. In addition, compromised Web sites and Web sites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements could contain specially crafted content that could exploit this vulnerability. In all cases, however, an attacker would have no way to force users to visit these Web sites. Instead, an attacker would have to persuade users to visit the Web site, typically by getting them to click a link in an e-mail message or Instant Messenger message that takes users to the attacker's Web site.


The vulnerability cannot be exploited automatically through e-mail. For an attack to be successful, a user must open an attachment that is sent in an e-mail message.
Top of sectionTop of section

Workarounds for MPEG-4 Codec Vulnerability - CVE-2010-0818

Workaround refers to a setting or configuration change that does not correct the underlying vulnerability but would help block known attack vectors before you apply the update. Microsoft has tested the following workarounds and states in the discussion whether a workaround reduces functionality:


Restrict access to the MPEG-4 version 1 codec

To restrict access to the MPEG-4 version 1 codec, perform the following steps:

Note Using Registry Editor incorrectly can cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that problems resulting from the incorrect use of Registry Editor can be solved. Use Registry Editor at your own risk. For information about how to edit the registry, view the "Changing Keys And Values" Help topic in Registry Editor (Regedit.exe) or view the "Add and Delete Information in the Registry" and "Edit Registry Data" Help topics in Regedt32.exe.

1.


Create a backup copy of the registry keys by using a managed deployment script that contains the following commands:

Regedit.exe /e MPEG-4_Backup1.reg "HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{82CCD3E0-F71A-11D0-9FE5-
00609778EA66}"

Regedit.exe /e MPEG-4_Backup2.reg "HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{2a11bae2-fe6e-4249-864b-
9e9ed6e8dbc2}"

Note Depending on what versions of the MPEG-4 codec are installed on your system, some of the registry keys above might not exist. No backup file will be created for the registry keys that do not exist on the system.

2.


Save the following to a file with a .REG extension, such as Restrict_MPEG-4_Workaround.reg:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[-HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{82CCD3E0-F71A-11D0-9FE5-00609778EA66}]

[-HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{2a11bae2-fe6e-4249-864b-9e9ed6e8dbc2}]

3.


Run the above registry script on the target machine with the following command from an elevated command prompt:

Regedit.exe /s Restrict_MPEG-4_Workaround.reg

Impact of workaround. Files encoded in MPEG-4 version 1 format will not play in applications, such as Windows Media Player, that use the MPEG-4 codec.

How to undo the workaround.

Restore the original state by running the following commands:

Regedit.exe /s MPEG-4_Backup1.reg

Regedit.exe /s MPEG-4_Backup2.reg

Note Some of the registry backup files above might not exist. No backup file was created for the registry keys that did not exist on the system prior to implementing this workaround.
Top of sectionTop of section

FAQ for MPEG-4 Codec Vulnerability - CVE-2010-0818

What is the scope of the vulnerability?
This is a remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated privileges on vulnerable systems. An attacker could then install programs or view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.

What causes the vulnerability?
The MPEG-4 codec included with Windows Media codecs does not properly handle specially crafted media files that use MPEG-4 video encoding.

Which MPEG-4 codec contains the vulnerable code?
MPEG-4 is an International Standards Organization (ISO) specification that covers many aspects of multimedia presentation, including compression, authoring and delivery. The MPEG-4 codec used for MPEG-4 video decoding contains the vulnerable code.

What is a codec?
A codec is software that is used to compress or decompress a digital media file, such as a song or video. Windows Media Player and other programs use codecs to play and create digital media files.

A codec can consist of two components: an encoder and a decoder. The encoder performs the compression (encoding) function and the decoder performs the decompression (decoding) function. Some codecs include both of these components and some codecs only include one of them. For example, when you transfer a song from an audio CD to your computer, the Windows Media Player uses the Windows Media Audio codec by default to compress the song into a compact WMA file. When you play that WMA file (or any WMA file that might be streamed from a Web site), the Player uses the Windows Media Audio codec to decompress the file so the music can be played through your speakers.

What might an attacker use the vulnerability to do?
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. If a user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take complete control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.

How could an attacker exploit the vulnerability?
This vulnerability requires that a user open a specially crafted media file or receive specially crafted streaming content from a Web site or any application that delivers Web content.

In an e-mail attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending a media file with a specially crafted MPEG-4 file embedded in it to the user and by convincing the user to open the file.

An attacker could host a malicious Web site that hosts specially crafted media content that is designed to exploit this vulnerability through an internet browser and then convince a user to view the Web site and open the specially crafted media content.

What systems are primarily at risk from the vulnerability?
Systems running the affected software are primarily at risk.

What does the update do?
The update addresses the vulnerability by modifying the way the MPEG-4 codec handles specially crafted media content.

When this security bulletin was issued, had this vulnerability been publicly disclosed?
No. Microsoft received information about this vulnerability through coordinated vulnerability disclosure.

When this security bulletin was issued, had Microsoft received any reports that this vulnerability was being exploited?
No. Microsoft had not received any information to indicate that this vulnerability had been publicly used to attack customers when this security bulletin was originally issued.

Other Information
Acknowledgments

Microsoft thanks the following for working with us to help protect customers:


Matthew Watchinski of Sourcefire VRT for reporting the MPEG-4 Codec Vulnerability (CVE-2010-0818)
Top of sectionTop of section
Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP)

To improve security protections for customers, Microsoft provides vulnerability information to major security software providers in advance of each monthly security update release. Security software providers can then use this vulnerability information to provide updated protections to customers via their security software or devices, such as antivirus, network-based intrusion detection systems, or host-based intrusion prevention systems. To determine whether active protections are available from security software providers, please visit the active protections Web sites provided by program partners, listed in Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP) Partners.

Support


Customers in the U.S. and Canada can receive technical support from Security Support or 1-866-PCSAFETY. There is no charge for support calls that are associated with security updates. For more information about available support options, see Microsoft Help and Support.


International customers can receive support from their local Microsoft subsidiaries. There is no charge for support that is associated with security updates. For more information about how to contact Microsoft for support issues, visit the International Support Web site.

Disclaimer

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.

Revisions


V1.0 (September 14, 2010): Bulletin published.

About | Terms of use | Privacy Policy
© SecurityVulns, 3APA3A, Vladimir Dubrovin
Nizhny Novgorod