Topic: Directory traversal and path globbing in
Author: 3APA3A <3APA3A@security.nnov.ru>
Affected Software: GNU tar <= 1.13.19, Info-Zip UnZip <= 5.42,
RARSoft rar <= 2.02, PKWare pkzipc <= 4.00
Not affected: rar 2.80, WinZIP 8.0
Released: July, 2, 2001
SECURITY.NNOV advisories: http://security.nnov.ru/advisories
Archive extraction is usually treated by users as safe operation.
There are a lot of problem with files extraction though.
Among them: huge files with high compression ratio are able to fill
memory/disk (see "Antivirus scanner DoS with zip archives" thread on
Vuln-Dev), special device names and special characters in file names,
directory traversal (dot-dot bug). Probably, directory traversal is
most dangerous among this bugs, because it allows to craft archive
which will trojan system on extraction. This problem is known for
software developers, and newer archivers usually have some kind of
protection. But in some cases this protection is weak and can be
bypassed though. I did very quick (approx. 30 minutes, so may be I've
missed something) researches on few popular archivers. Results are
GNU tar (all platforms):
tar below 1.13.19 including latest releases has no any ".." or
absolute path protection. Tar development team was contacted. They
replied they're aware of problem and current development version
1.13.19 implements some kind of protection but it doesn't work for
most cases due to bug in coding. Exploitation scenario was passed
back to development team. I hope it will work then 1.13.19 will be
finally released. See attached patch (tar-1.13.19.patch). 1.13.19
sources can be obtained from ftp://alpha.gnu.org/gnu/tar/
Info-Zip's UnZip (all platforms):
all versions have no both .. and absolute path protection. No reply
from vendor. See attached patch (unzip-5.42.patch).
PKWare's PKZip (Windows):
console version was tested. It's vulnerable, if archive is extracted
with -rec (recursive) option. If this option is not given archive is
extracted without directory structure. All versions up to latest 4.00
are vulnerable. Program is shareware, no sources available. Vendor
contacted, still in work. Status of patch unknown.
RARsoft (Eugene Roshal's) RAR (all platforms):
Directory traversal protection was implemented in rar 2.02. This
protection can be bypassed. Eugene Roshal was contacted and replied
latest version of rar (2.80) is absolutely safe. It's true, but 2.02
is latest available version in most Unix ports (2.80 is available for
Windows and Linux, you can use Linux version if your system supports
Linux emulation). Program is shareware, no sources available. Status
of patch unknown.
Behavior is close to ideal. Console version doesn't extract files
with ".." until special switch is not selected, windowed version
warns user on ".." about possible impacts of such extraction.
Under Windows exploitation is trivial. On most unix system you should
guess level of directory file will be extracted to. tar and rar are
able to create files with permission different from umask, it makes
it possible to create executables. Only tar overwrites target files
without prompt by default.
attached files create test.txt level higher than specified by user.
tar < 1.13.19 : tar -xf test.tar
tar <= 1.13.19: tar -xf test2.tar
pkzipc <= 4.00: pkzipc -extr -rec test.zip
UnZip <= 5.42 : unzip test.zip
rar <= 2.02 : rar x test.rar
List content of archive before extraction if archive was obtained
from untrusted source. Never automate archive extraction, or use jail
if you need automation. Be sure never run extraction from user with
Wait for vendor patch or use checked archivers or apply attached
patches on your own risk.