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  Дырка в Internet Explorer (cerificate spoofing)

From:MICROSOFT <secure_(at)_microsoft.com>
Date:17.05.2001
Subject:Security Bulletin MS01-027

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Title:      Flaws in Web Server Certificate Validation Could
           Enable Spoofing
Date:       16 May 2001
Software:   Internet Explorer
Impact:     Spoofing of trusted web site
Bulletin:   MS01-027

Microsoft encourages customers to review the Security Bulletin at:
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS01-027.asp.
- ----------------------------------------------------------------------

Issue:
======
A patch is available to eliminate two newly discovered
vulnerabilities
affecting Internet Explorer, both of which could enable an attacker
to
spoof trusted web sites. The first vulnerability involves how digital
certificates from web servers are validated. When CRL checking for
such
certificates is enabled, it could be possible for any or all of the
following checks to no longer be performed:
- Verification that the certificate has not expired
- Verification that the server name matches the name on the
  certificate
- Verification that the issuer of the certificate is trusted

The second vulnerability could enable a web page to display the URL
from a different web site in the IE address bar. This spoofing could
occur within a valid SSL session with the impersonated site. Both
vulnerabilities could be used to convince a user that the attacker's
web site was actually a different one - one that the user presumably
trusts and would provide sensitive information to. However, as
discussed in the Mitigating Factors section below, there would be
significant hurdles to exploiting either vulnerability.

In addition to eliminating the two new vulnerabilities, the patch
also
eliminates two new variants of a previously discussed vulnerability,
the "Frame Domain Verification" vulnerability, which originally was
discussed in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS00-033. Like the original
version, these new variants vulnerability could enable a malicious
web
site operator to open two browser windows, one in the web site's
domain
and the other on the user's local file system, and to pass
information
from the latter to the former. This could enable the web site
operator
to read any file on the user's local computer that could be opened in
a
browser window.

The patch also incorporates the functionality of the patch provided
in
Microsoft Security Bulletin MS01-020
(http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS01-020.asp).

Mitigating Factors:
====================
Server certificate validation vulnerability:
- The vulnerability only affects how certificates from web
  servers are validated. It does not affect how code-signing
  certificates or any other type of certificate are validated.
- The specific checks that might be bypassed vary with both
  the user and the actions she may have taken during the
  current browsing session. An attacker could not predict with
  any degree of certainty which checks might be bypassed in a
  particular case.
- The vulnerability does not provide any way to force users
  to the attacker's web site. It is likely that this
  vulnerability could only be exploited in conjunction with a
  successful DNS poisoning or similar attack.

Web page spoofing vulnerability:
- Like the vulnerability above, this vulnerability would not
  provide any way to force users to the attacker's web site,
  and DNS poisoning or other measures would likely be required
  to exploit it.
- Any hyperlinks within the page would correctly show the target.
  As a result, the attacker would need to point these to bona
  fide locations on the spoofed web site, with the result that
  the attacker would likely only be able to spoof a single web
  page, rather than an entire site.

New variants of "Frame Domain Verification" vulnerability:
- The vulnerability could only be used to read - not add, delete
  or change - files.
- The attacker would need to know the exact name and location of
  every file he wished to read.
- The vulnerability could only be used to read file types that
  can be opened within a browser window - for example, .htm,
  .txt or .doc files, but not .exe or .xls files.

Patch Availability:
===================
- A patch is available to fix this vulnerability. Please read the
  Security Bulletin
  http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms01-027.asp
  for information on obtaining this patch.

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