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Related information

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  MS Windows Media Player ASF Marker Buffer Overflow

  Security Bulletin MS01-042

From:MICROSOFT <secure_(at)_microsoft.com>
Date:20.11.2001
Subject:Security Bulletin MS01-056

- ----------------------------------------------------------------------
Title:      Windows Media Player .ASF Processor Contains Unchecked
           Buffer
Date:       20 November 2001
Software:   Windows Media Player
Impact:     Run code of attacker's choice
Max Risk:   Critical
Bulletin:   MS01-056

Microsoft encourages customers to review the Security Bulletin at:
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS01-056.asp.
- ----------------------------------------------------------------------

Issue:
======
One of the streaming media formats supported by Windows Media
Player is Advanced Streaming Format (ASF). A security vulnerability
occurs in Windows Media Player 6.4 because the code that processes
ASF files contains an unchecked buffer.

By creating a specially malformed ASF file and inducing a user to
play it, an attacker could overrun the buffer, with either of two
results: in the simplest case, Windows Media Player 6.4 would fail;
in the more complex case, code chosen by the attacker could be made
to run on the user's computer, with the privileges of the user.
The scope of this vulnerability is rather limited. It affects only
Windows Media Player 6.4, and can only be exploited by the user
opening and deliberately playing an ASF file. There is no
capability to exploit this vulnerability via email or a web page.

However, the patch eliminates additional vulnerabilities.
Specifically, it eliminates all known vulnerabilities affecting
Windows Media Player 6.4 - discussed in Microsoft Security
Bulletins MS00-090, MS01-029, and MS01-042 - as well as some
additional variants of these vulnerabilities that were discovered
internally by Microsoft. Some of these vulnerabilities could be
exploited via email or a web page. In addition, some affect
components of Windows Media Player 6.4 that, for purposes of
backward compatibility, ship with Windows Media Player 7, and
7.1. We therefore recommend that customers running any of these
versions of Windows Media Player apply the patch to ensure that
they are fully protected against all known vulnerabilities.

Windows Media Player for Windows XP includes components of
Windows Media Player 6.4, but they are not affected by the ASF
buffer overrun or by any of the other vulnerabilities discussed
in the security bulletins listed above. However, the version 6.4
components that ship with Windows Media Player for Windows XP are
affected by some of the newly discovered variants of these
vulnerabilities. Rather than installing this patch, however, we
recommend that customers install the 25 October 2001 Critical
Update for Windows XP.

Mitigating Factors:
====================
- Windows Media Player runs in the security context of the user,
  rather than as a system component. At best, an attacker could
  gain the privileges of the user on the system. Systems
  configured in accordance with the least privilege principal
  would be at less risk from this vulnerability.

- The vulnerability could only be exploited if the user opened
  and played an affected ASF file.

- The attacker would need to know the specific operating system
  that the user was running in order to tailor the attack code
  properly; if the attacker made an incorrect guess about the user's
  operating system platform, the attack would crash the user's
  Windows Media Player session, but not run code of the attacker's
  choice.

Risk Rating:
============
- Internet systems: Critical
- Intranet systems: Critical
- Client systems: Critical

Patch Availability:
===================
- A patch is available to fix this vulnerability. Please read the
  Security Bulletin at
  http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms01-056.asp
  for information on obtaining this patch.

- ---------------------------------------------------------------------

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