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  Релеинг через MS Exchange (Mail Relaying)

  IIS SMTP component allows mail relaying via Null Session

From:MICROSOFT <secure_(at)_microsoft.com>
Date:28.02.2002
Subject:Security Bulletin MS02-011

- ----------------------------------------------------------------------
Title:      Authentication Flaw Could Allow Unauthorized Users To
           Authenticate To SMTP Service
Date:       27 February 2002
Software:   Microsoft Windows 2000; Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5
Impact:     Mail Relaying
Max Risk:   Low
Bulletin:   MS02-011

Microsoft encourages customers to review the Security Bulletin at:
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS02-011.asp.
- ----------------------------------------------------------------------

Issue:
======
An SMTP service installs by default as part of Windows 2000 server
products and as part of the Internet Mail Connector (IMC) for
Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5. (The IMC, also known as the
Microsoft Exchange Internet Mail Service, provides access and
message exchange to and from any system that uses SMTP). A
vulnerability results in both services because of a flaw in the
way they handle a valid response from the NTLM authentication
layer of the underlying operating system.

By design, the Windows 2000 SMTP service and the
Exchange Server 5.5 IMC, upon receiving notification from
the NTLM authentication layer that a user has been authenticated,
should perform additional checks before granting the user access
to the service. The vulnerability results because the affected
services don't perform this additional checking correctly. In
some cases, this could result in the SMTP service granting access
to a user solely on the basis of their ability to successfully
authenticate to the server.

An attacker who exploited the vulnerability could gain only
user-level privileges on the SMTP service, thereby enabling the
attacker to use the service but not to administer it. The most
likely purpose in exploiting the vulnerability would be to
perform mail relaying via the server.

Mitigating Factors:
====================
- Exchange 2000 servers are not affected by the vulnerability
  because they correctly handle the authentication process to the
  SMTP service.

- The vulnerability would not enable the attacker to read other
  users' email, nor to send mail as other users.

- Best practices recommend disabling unneeded services. If the
  SMTP service has been disabled, the mail relaying vulnerability
  could not be exploited.

- The vulnerability would not grant administrative privileges to
  the service, nor would it grant the attacker the ability to run
  programs or operating system commands.

Risk Rating:
============
- Internet systems: Low
- Intranet systems: Low
- Client systems: Low

Patch Availability:
===================
- A patch is available to fix this vulnerability. Please read the
  Security Bulletin at
  http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/ms02-011.asp
  for information on obtaining this patch.

Acknowledgment:
===============
- BindView's RAZOR Team (http://razor.bindview.com)

- ---------------------------------------------------------------------

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